We all know that 1954 was the year of Elvis Presley’s famous and influential Sun recordings, but 1954 was also highly noteworthy for the combined impact of these 3 particular tunes — all instrumentals:
1. “Stratosphere Boogie” by Speedy West & Jimmy Bryant: phenomenal, blazing twin guitar work – rock and roll by any other name (although some might call it “hillbilly jazz“). Recorded September 2, 1954. Bryant is using a “Stratosphere Twin” double-neck guitar with 6-string and 12-string necks. The 12-string neck, curiously, is tuned in thirds, thus sounding like twin lead guitars playing lines in harmony.
“Stratosphere Boogie” Speedy West & Jimmy Bryant 1954
2. “Space Guitar” by Johnny ‘Guitar‘ Watson: unhinged guitar paired with playful production (and unpredictable reverb) – as Larry Nager so adroitly dubbed it, “punk blues.” Recorded as ‘Young John Watson’ in Los Angeles on February 1, 1954 and released on Syd Nathan‘s Federal Records.
“Space Guitar” Johnny ‘Guitar’ Watson 1954
3. “Pork Chop Stomp” by Grady Martin and His Wingin‘ Strings – crisp production, great chops (so to speak) and a little humor go a long way. That’s Bud Isaacs on pedal steel, with Grady Martin and Hank Garland both playing lead on this spirited piece of western swing – recorded January 13, 1954.
“Pork Chop Stomp” Grady Martin & His Wingin’ Strings 1954
Approximately 12 Years Later:
Johnny Echols of seminal Los Angeles folk-punk band, Love, would be seen playing one of those rare Stratosphere double-necks originally made famous by Jimmy Bryant:
In November, 1952 Wynonie Harris – along with Sonny Thompson‘s ensemble serving as his backing band – recorded three songs at Cincinnati’s King Studios, the most compelling one being “Greyhound“:
“Greyhound” Wynonie Harris 1952
I love the driving rhythm that is augmented by a nice jingly set of car keys. According to the liner notes in the Wynonie Harris CD anthology – Women, Whiskey & Fish Tails – this Amos Milburn cover became the highlight of Harris’s stage act:
“Purvis Henson, tenor saxophonist with the Buddy Johnson band, which backed Wynonie during a tour of the Midwest and South in the summer of 1953, remembers that Wynonie would start clapping his hands until the audience joined in, while the band played the chugging riff behind him.”
Could Wynonie Harris’s 1952 recording be the first pop recording that features car key percussion?
Bonus video link to a 78 recording of Amos Wilburn’s original version of “Greyhound” that features great bus sound effects – but alas, no car keys.
One of the country “outlaws” who doesn’t always get the recognition is Shel Silverstein, who not only wrote Johnny Cash’s iconic “Boy Named Sue” but also many of Bobby Bare‘s RCA releases through the 1970s, including this great 45 about going “all in”:
Vegas – Bobby & Jeannie Bare
[Pssst: Click on the triangle above to play “Vegas” by Bobby & Jeannie Bare.]
“Vegas” – recorded in September 1976 at Nashville’s RCA Victor Studio and released as a single – was subsequently played on the January 24, 1977 broadcast of The Ralph Emery Radio Show. Bare recorded “Vegas” toward the end of his long run with RCA (he signed with Columbia in 1978), and this song appears not to have been reissued until 1997’s 20-song The Essential Bobby Bare compilation.
Shel continued writing for Bobby Bare during his tenure with Columbia, including a typically bent take on the truck driving genre with “World’s Last Truck Drivin’ Man” from 1980’s Drunk and Crazy.
A couple years back Bobby Bare and his son, Bobby Bare, Jr., curated a tribute album to Silverstein entitled, Twistable, Turnable Man that features Shel’s songs covered by the likes of My Morning Jacket, Frank Black, Andrew Bird, Todd Snider, Lucinda Williams, John Prine, and The Boxmasters featuring Billy Bob Thornton – here’s a link to an NPR piece about this special recording project.
Patience is a Virtue
Fun ad for Ford trucks tagged onto the end of “Vegas” with music by Merle Haggard & the Strangers featuring Roy Nichols on lead guitar.
From Toots Thielemans’ appearance on David Sanborn’s ‘Night Music’ TV show, I learned that Toots is a jazz harmonica virtuoso who (1) played the harmonica on the original ‘Sesame Street’ theme song, as well as (2) whistled the famous melody for the Old Spice deodorant TV ads of the 1970s.
I recently picked up a Toots Thielemans LP on ABC’s kitschy Command label, famous for its 60s “Mad Men”-era geometric designs that often celebrated percussion:
The Toots Thielemans album that I picked up, Guitar and Strings … and Things from 1966, is notable for showcasing Toots’ great guitar work – which I hadn’t previously known about:
Some of the tracks are very much in the sound and style of “Lolita Ya Ya” – such as the lead-off track, “The Continental”:
The Continental – Toots Theilemans
[Pssst: Click on the triangle above to hear “The Continental” by Toots Thielemans.]
“When Fred Astaire danced to this sweeping tune in the film, ‘The Gay Divorcee’, the huge studio orchestra that accompanied him could scarcely project the essence of the tune as excitingly as this gentle easy treatment does. The octave unison of Toots Thielemans’ guitar and the vocal trio is decorated with airy swirls from Phil Bodner’s flute. Toots’ solo fits logically into the overall pattern of the arrangement, moving out of the line that he plays along with the girls. And pay special attention to the drumming by Bill Lavorgna behind the girls after Toots’ solo as he dances merrily with his sticks and then joins in a little by-play with Phil Kraus’ scratcher.” [from the album’s liner notes]
Toots’ Big Pop Moment: Toots’ harmonica adorned Julian Lennon’s #5 US hit – “Too Late for Goodbyes” – in 1985.
I was about to write that the Crystal Corporation (based out of “Nashville-New York”) was a Ronco/K-Tel predecessor who put out a fairly decent repackaging of hits in 1969 entitled, 20 Solid Gold Hits:
But then I noticed that the Peter Max-inspired album design was done by Ely Besalel – the same guy who did the rainbow-and-doves-coming-out-of-a-big-detergent-box cover for Ronco’s Do It Now. Could there be a connection? I’m not sure if that mystery will ever be solved.
Anyway, there are a few decent tunes on this hits mix amidst the usual suspects: “Ain’t Gonna Eat Out My Heart Anymore” by The Young Rascals; the aforementioned Johnny Nash – accompanied by Lyn Taitt & the Jets – with his top 40 rocksteady hit, “Hold Me Tight”; and the great Bee Gees single, “To Love Somebody,” which was originally written at the request of their manager, Robert Stigwood, for Otis Redding who, alas, never had a chance to record it.
Interestingly, this album also includes a live track: a rousing version of Dionne Warwick’s big hit from 1964, “Walk On By” – check out how appreciative this audience is:
Walk on By – Dionne Warwicke
[Pssst: Click on the triangle above to hear a live performance of “Walk On By” by Dionne Warwick.]
From what I can tell, this might be Ronco’s first hits compilation – Do It Now – from 1970:
When is the last time you’ve seen Jimi Hendrix and The Beatles on the same album? Not to mention Buffalo Springfield. And The Byrds.
Interesting to note that the Buffalo Springfield selection – Neil Young’s dark horse of a tune, “Flying on the Ground is Wrong” – was not even released as a single. Likewise with The Byrds and their horn-driven, anti-amphetamine cautionary tale, “Artificial Energy,” as opposed to one of their more jangly numbers. Come to think of it, Jimi Hendrix’s straight-ahead blues original, “Red House,” is also an unexpected choice for a hits mix (as is Eric Burdon’s deeply questioning and frankly bizarre, “When I Was Young“).
This album was once in our family record collection growing up – I have since obtained a cheap copy. Funny to re-read the notes on the back cover:
“This album is a celebration of life – a feeling of energy and love by the poets, artists and musicians who have joined together to speak up for a purpose – to relay the message against drug abuse. The DO IT NOW FOUNDATION is dedicated to helping fight this problem. Never before in the history of the recording industry have so many artists donated their services for a collage album [emphasis mine]. We wish to thank all those caring people, the record companies and music publishers, whose contributions went into making this album a reality.”
Do It Now includes a fairly robust mix of labels for a reissue compilation, although admittedly top heavy on the major label side:
Atco (Buffalo Springfield) – Bell (Crazy Elephant) – Buddah (Melanie; Five Stairsteps) – Capitol (Beatles) – Columbia (Donovan; Janis Joplin) – Mercury (Steam) – MGM (Eric Burdon) – RCA (Jefferson Airplane) – Scepter (BJ Thomas; Mel & Tim) – Stormy Forest (Richie Havens) – Uni (Neil Diamond) – Warner Bros. (The Association; Ides of March; Jimi Hendrix) – Westbound (Teegarden & Van Winkle) – White Whale (The Turtles).
Taking into account that Warner Brothers-Seven Arts purchased Atlantic/Atco in 1967, there are 13 different labels represented on Do It Now, which strikes me as on the high side. I wonder what the record is?
Anyway, one of the more interesting tracks on this hits compilation is “God, Love & Rock ‘n’ Roll” by Teagarden & Van Winkle from 1970 on the Westbound label:
“God, Love & Rock n’ Roll” Teegarden & Van Winkle 1970
Ed Ward makes this observation about the significance of Westbound once Motown shifted operations to the West Coast:
“Detroit in the late 1960s was a hotbed of talent, from the rock groups playing the Grande Ballroom to the soul talent vying for a deal with Motown, to numerous jazz groups at lounges all over town. But when Motown left for California in 1971, that talent was left with nowhere to record. But another label, Westbound Records, stuck around. In its eccentric way, it did its best to document black music as it changed in Detroit.”
Philanthropy Update: I am happy to report that the Do It Now Foundation is still going strong – click here to check out this public service announcement.from Frank Zappa about the dangers of amphetamine use on the Foundation’s home page.
I have an album of repackaged material from the Buddah label – a compilation entitled Heavy Mix – that is one of the odder releases from everyone’s favorite reissue label, Pickwick. I love that the cover art has a cement theme:
Even more intriguing than the kitschy cover concept is the cryptic bit of text at the bottom of the label of “Heavy Mix” cement:
First is an unattributed quote that proclaims in classic 1969-speak, “Gettting It Together,” followed by the name of a fictitious business – Hard Rock Cement Co. – that is allegedly located in Cincinnati, Ohio. Not sure I follow, but okay, why not. Now, it is true that The Sacred Mushroom came from Cincinnati, and it would be fair to call them “hard rock” – as this track from 1969 would clearly indicate.
Or perhaps Pickwick was making reference to the Ludlow Garage – Cincinnati’s closest approximation to Bill Graham’s famous Fillmore rock venues – whose proprietor in 1969 was Jim Tarbell, the one responsible for bringing in such “hard rock” acts as Neil Young, The Allman Brothers, and The Grateful Dead (and who would later become a Cincinnati City Council Member and hold the title – by mayoral proclamation – “Mr. Cincinnati” for life).
My favorite track on this motley mix is a surprisingly supple cover of the theme from the 1969 Oscar-winning film (Film; Director; Adapted Screenplay) – “Midnight Cowboy” – by John & Yoko’s one-time backing band, Elephant’s Memory:
Midnight Cowboy – Elephant’s Memory
[Pssst: Click on the triangle above to hear “Midnight Cowboy” by Elephant’s Memory.]
There’s a nice little drum break starting around the 1:18 mark where the drumming alternates between speakers – consider using this track in the event you need to test the stereo directionality of your computer’s speakers.
It is practically a law in country music that a tune must change keys at least once before song’s end. And the key change must modulate upward, never downward. Which raises the obvious question, and it’s a big one:
Q: Which country song changes keys quickest starting from 0:00?
That’s right, get out your stopwatches. In the meantime, I think I might have a contender: “Wildcat Run” – a truck driving song from Red Sovine
Wildcat Run – Red Sovine
[Pssst: Click on the triangle above to hear “Wildcat Run” by Red Sovine.]
Note that the song starts in G Major – but only 27 seconds later the song has already shifted up to G-sharp Major. But wait, don’t get too comfortable just yet – only 25 more seconds will transpire and we will have modulated upward yet again to A Major. That’s two key changes in just 52 seconds. Even better – the entire song clocks in at a lean 80 seconds.
Can anyone beat 27 seconds?
“Wildcat Run” appears to have initially been released on the 1966 Starday truck driving album, Thunder on the Road.
Alan Price gets an intoxicating sound out of his trusty synthesizer on this lovely track from 1974’s Between Today and Yesterday on Warner Brothers:
If The Who’s anthemic “Baba O’Reilly” is – as Dave Marsh once stuffily proclaimed – the first “bona fide” use of the synthesizer as a rock instrument, then let me be the first to declare Alan Price’s “Look at My Face” to be the first “powerfully understated” use of the synthesizer as a pop instrument.
I sure have a knack for picking the B-sides – as it turns out, this tune was the flip side of his “Jarrow Song” 45 (which went to #6 in the UK). Wikipedia tells me that Alan was educated at Jarrow Grammar School, so that’d be like if I wrote something called “Roselawn Song.”